Hebrews Lesson 2

Lesson 2
Hebrews 1:4-14

Henry Mahan

(Vs. 4) This verse sounds a note that shall be sounded throughout the entire book –the excellence, superiority, and glory of the Lord Jesus Christ over all creatures, all covenants, all priests, and all sacrifices. Christ is as much superior to angels as HIS GLORIOUS NAME is above their name (Phil. 2:9-11). This is to discourage the worship and adoration of angels (Rev. 22:8-9). Angels are not to be worshipped, nor are men to be bowed to (Acts 10:25-26; Matt. 23:8-11).

(Vs. 5) To which of the angels did God ever say, "You are my begotten Son"? (Matt. 3:16-17.) Christ is the Son of God, not by creation as the angels, nor by adoption as we are, but BY NATURE! His office as Messiah is not the foundation of His Sonship; His Sonship is the foundation of His office. He was the Son before He was the Prophet, Priest, and King (John 1:1-2; John 17:1-4).

(Vs. 6) When He brings His Son into the world, He says, "Let all the angels of God worship Him." In many scriptures we find the angels of God attending to the incarnate Lord (Luke 2:9-14; Mark 1:13; Luke 24:2-5; Acts 1:10-11).

(Vs. 7) Referring to the angels, God says, "They are created spirits" –nonmaterial, they die not, and they are "ministers of God." They do His bidding; they attend His presence and are ready to do as He commands. They may be called flames of fire for their power and swiftness, or burning love and zeal, or the fact that they are the executioners of God's wrath. The chariot of fire which bore Elijah away was perhaps angels.

(Vs. 8) To the Son, Jesus Christ, the Father says, "Your Throne, O God, is forever." Christ is God (John 1:1, 14; John 10:30; Matt. 1:23; Acts 20:28; II Cor. 5:19). The reason why His throne is forever and the scepter of His kingdom is righteousness, justice, and truth is because Jesus Christ is God!

(Vs. 9) "Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity." He showed this in casting Adam from the garden, in all His dealings with Israel, and in working out a perfect righteousness for His people; and He will show it in Judgment at the last day! "Your God" may mean the Godhead OR the Father; for the Father is the GOD OF CHRIST AS MAN (Eph. 1:3). Because of what He has done, He is anointed with oil of gladness above all His companions (Col. 1:14-18).

(Vs. 10) Christ Jesus is the Creator of all things--the earth and the heavens. Our Redeemer, our Mediator, our Saviour--the Lord Jesus Christ is the sovereign Creator. This verse is addressed to the Son as indicated in Verse 8. All these words set forth the deity, eternality, wisdom, and excellence of Christ.

(Vs. 11) The heavens and the earth in their present form shall pass away (Rom. 8:19-22). The curse will be removed, and there will be a new heaven and a new earth, purified and without sin. But Christ remains as He is, without change, the same yesterday, today, and forever (Isa. 51:6).

(Vs. 12) Clothes in time wear out and lose their beauty and usefulness. The owner folds them up, lays them aside, and replaces them with a new garment. Christ is unchangeable in His nature, in His person, in His offices, and in the virtue of His blood and righteousness. To rest and trust in Him is to never die nor be ashamed (Job 19:23-27).

(Vs. 13) God the Father never said this to the angels. He never promised it to them; He never designed to give it to them, but to the Son, Jesus Christ.

(Vs. 14) The angels are servants to the Father, to the Son, and to His people (the elect who shall be heirs of salvation). The ministry of angels lies in things spiritual and temporal (or what concerns our bodies and souls), in directing and preserving us in journeys, in delivering us from outward dangers, in restraining things that would harm us, and in destroying our enemies. They also make known the mind of the Lord to us. They assist us in trial and temptation. They carry us to heaven and will gather the elect at that last day. They are sent forth by Christ to minister to us.

Henry Mahan
Ashland, Ky.